Licorice is a valuable medicinal plant that is used in over 200 types of medicinal, cosmetic and it is widely used in the countries to tobacco industries. Most farmers know this plant as a weed. This plant has been grown as a wildling and has been collected from natural regions and farms in Iran for more than 50 years and received to distillate by processing factories.
Origin, characteristics of licorice plants:
Origin and botanical characteristics of licorice is a Mediterranean plant and most widespread in southeast Asia. In Iran, Fars, Kerman, Kermanshah, Ardabil, Azerbaijan, Hamedan, Hormozgan, and some other regions are the most important habitats of licorice, and its scientific name is Glycyrrhiza Glabra(L).
Licorice is a herbaceous perennial plant with stems half to one meter long, which can reach a height of 2 meters in favorable environments. This plant also has numerous underground stems. The leaves are composed of 4 to 7 Paris of leaflets with a terminal leaflet, and the flowers are light blue and often with white spots. The licorice flowers are butterfly-shaped.
The length of licorice root varies depending on the type of plant and the climatic conditions where it goes and is between 30 and 60 cm. Root length in dry areas and lights solis can reach 200 cm. Licorice roots and rhizomes are processed into cylindrical pieces with different diameters, usually 5 to 6 cm in diameter. Their cross-section is slightly dark. On its outer surface, longituditional lines are detected in a brownish-gray color.